Fraud Triangle : Opportunity, Incentive, Rationalization

The fraud triangle is a mannequin oftentimes used in auditing that pursuits to provide an explanation for why an worker decides to commit fraud in the workplace. Auditors frequently refer to the fraud triangle when they assessment the danger of fraud in an organization.

Well-known criminologist Donald R. Cressey developed the fraud triangle. The premise is that to fight fraud, it’s no longer solely essential to realise that it takes place however to decide how and why it happens.

Fraud Triangle : Opportunity, Incentive, Rationalization
Fraud Triangle : Opportunity, Incentive, Rationalization

The fraud triangle stems from Cressey’s speculation that: “Trusted folks turn out to be believe violators when they conceive of themselves as having a monetary trouble which is non-sharable, are conscious this hassle can be secretly resolved through violation of the function of economic trust, and are capable to practice to their personal behavior in that state of affairs verbalizations which allow them to regulate their conceptions of themselves as depended on people with their conceptions of themselves as customers of the entrusted cash or property.”

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What is the Fraud Triangle?

The fraud triangle is a mannequin displaying the stipulations that enlarge the possibility of fraud being committed. Fraud is any intentional deception engaged in for non-public gain. The three aspects of the fraud triangle are perceived pressure, opportunity, and rationalization. They are defined in addition below.

What is Fraud?

The fraud triangle is used to provide an explanation for the motive in the back of a fraud. However, what precisely is fraud?

Fraud refers to a deception that is intentional and induced with the aid of an worker or business enterprise for private gain. In different words, fraud is a deceitful pastime used to attain an benefit or generate an unlawful profit. Also, the unlawful act advantages the perpetrator and harms other parties involved.

For example, an worker that pockets money from the company’s register is committing fraud. The worker would gain from getting extra money at the fee of the company.

Fraud Triangle : Opportunity, Incentive, Rationalization

The three “points” or factors of Donald Cressey’s fraud triangle are pressure, opportunity, and rationalization. All three factors ought to be existing for fraud to occur.


An person can be compelled or stimulated to commit fraud due to the fact of a private monetary problem, such as a giant playing debt. Sometimes, the strain originates from issues at work. For example, an character can also be stimulated to perpetrate fraud due to the fact he feels he has been given unrealistic overall performance targets.

However, the person doesn’t trust that he can resolve his troubles legally or that he can speak to others who would possibly be in a position to assist him.


The character who plans to commit the fraud uncovers an inside manage weak point and doesn’t consider each person will word if he takes the money. Any inner manage weakness, such as a lack of oversight, presents the fraudster an chance to steal. Typically, the fraudster starts offevolved by way of stealing a small quantity of cash and if he doesn’t get caught, he’ll probably steal even large amounts.

An agency can minimize the threat of fraud and reduce the possibility for theft via creating and enforcing wonderful inner controls.


An extra trouble that is wanted for fraud to proceed over a length of time is the capability of the perpetrator to rationalize the state of affairs as being acceptable. For example, a man or woman stealing from a company’s petty money container may rationalize it as only borrowing, with the intent of paying returned the money at a later date. As every other example, a administration crew adjusts stated income for a few months at some stage in mid-year, in the expectation that income will upward thrust closer to the give up of the year, permitting them to remove the changes by using year-end.


The fraud Triangle is the thought that explains the motive in the back of committing the fraud. The predominant factors are pressure, opportunity, and rationalization. In addition, there need to be sturdy inside controls, zero tolerance, and a perfect code of ethics to forestall fraud, which motivates personnel to be ethical. To stop and notice fraud, there need to be shock tests and audits, administration audits are additionally encouraged, and there need to be sturdy fraud deterrence insurance policies so that no worker can assume of committing fraud.

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Dheeru Rajpoot

I am Dheeru Rajpoot an Entrepreneur and a Professional Blogger from the city of love and passion Kanpur Utter Pradesh the Heart of India. By Profession I'm a Blogger, Student, Computer Expert, SEO Optimizer. Google Adsense I have deep knowledge and am interested in following Services. CEO - The Rajpoot Express ( Dheeru Rajpoot )

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